Despite the health crisis, we continue to buy and sell housing. What gets stuck is the price in the big cities. The result: buyers are falling back to small towns and rural areas. A movement that has accelerated with confinement and teleworking.
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duration of the video: 28 min 30
Sunday in Politics: a house, a garden, the dream after COVID?
Health crisis or not, the cities remain attractive and in particular the Nantes metropolis. It houses 25% of the inhabitants of Loire Atlantique but it does not offer enough accommodation. As a result, prices go up. An increase of 9% over the year 2020 for an old house and up to 16% for the city center of Angers.
As a result, prices soar and a growing part of the population no longer has the financial means to find housing in the city.
According to Laurent Devisme, professor at the Nantes school of architecture, we are even witnessing the creation of cities at several speeds, “We can have demarcated working-class neighborhoods and high-end housing. The difficulty is to find intermediate housing.” the social mix is sometimes reduced to heartache.
Buyers who dream of a house with a garden are relegated to the second or third ring, further and further from city centers. And previously neglected areas such as the Pays de Retz have become very attractive. This area halfway between the Nantes metropolis and the coast is attracting a growing population. And, a new phenomenon according to sociologist Jean Viard, “people are now proud to live outside the big cities”
duration of the video: 01 min 58
Real estate prices continue to rise in Nantes
The revenge of medium-sized cities
Loic Cantin, the president of the real estate federation of Pays de la Loire analyzes this movement as the revenge of medium-sized towns on large towns. A movement that has accelerated with confinement and teleworking. “People realized they needed space, bigger houses, gardens” analyzes sociologist Jean Viard, research director at Sciences Po Paris. Parisians are leaving the capital for more space in Le Mans or Laval.
Loic Cantin evokes a new phenomenon observed by real estate agencies, that of the double main residence. Parisians who keep a foothold in Paris and who buy accommodation in Le Mans near the station to work part of their time in Paris, another teleworking in Le Mans. “These are territories that are waking up ” analyze it.
The wealthiest invest in houses or apartments by the sea. This is particularly true for the city of La Baule.
A turning point in regional planning
One of the consequences of the health crisis is therefore a rebalancing between the big cities and the smaller ones, between the urban world and the rural world. According to Laurent Devisme, professor of urban studies at the Nantes school of architecture, we are undoubtedly “at a turning point in the history of regional planning”, a notion too long forgotten according to Loic Cantin. “Today it is up to politicians to work on these balances” he thinks and in particular to the regions.
Jean Viard him to conclude that the movement is being reversed ‘”we are going to live in the countryside, the city will soon be a place of leisure and vacationing” says the sociologist.